To find and address vulnerabilities in computer systems, networks, and applications, cyber security professionals frequently use vulnerability assessment and penetration testing, usually referred to as VAPT.
A system or network is thoroughly examined as part of the vulnerability assessment process to find any weaknesses or known vulnerabilities. It might contain tools for automated or manual scanning that look for configuration errors, known vulnerabilities, and other security flaws.On the other hand, penetration testing simulates an actual attack on a system or network to find flaws that vulnerability assessments might not have picked up on. It can be done either internally or externally, and it entails a tester trying to exploit weaknesses in order to access confidential data or resources.
To give a thorough evaluation of a system’s security posture, VAPT combines vulnerability assessment and penetration testing. This enables organizations to find vulnerabilities before attackers can exploit them and take the appropriate precautions to mitigate them.