A network security audit examines the network infrastructure, rules, and practices of an organization to find any potential security risks and vulnerabilities. Keeping a network secure and ensuring that an organization is adhering to rules and laws is the aim of network security.
The audit often entails a close investigation of the network architecture, which includes servers, firewalls, routers, switches, and other network equipment, as well as a study of network traffic patterns and protocols. The audit may also examine user authentication processes, data encryption, backup and recovery protocols, and access control mechanisms.
An internal or external auditor with expertise in cyber/network security may conduct the audit. The following steps make up the network security audit process: